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||BRAND NAME : Aldactone
CHEMICAL CONTENTS : Spironolactone
Aldactone flushes excess salt and water from the body and controls blood hypertension. It is used in the diagnosis and treatment of hyperaldosteronism, a condition in which the adrenal gland secretes too much aldosterone (a hormone that regulates the body's salt and potassium levels). It is also used in treating other conditions that require the elimination of excess fluid from the body. These conditions include congestive heart failure, blood hypertension, cirrhosis of the liver, kidney disease, and unusually low potassium levels in the blood. When used for blood hypertension, Aldactone can be taken alone or with other blood hypertension medications.
Adults : Initial dosages of this medication are used to determine the presence of primary hyperaldosteronism (too much secretion of the adrenal hormone aldosterone). People can be tested with this medication over either a long or a short period of time.
In the long test, you take 400 mg per day for 3 to 4 weeks. If your potassium levels and blood pressure are corrected with this dosage in this time period, your physician may assume you have this condition.
In the short test, you receive 400 mg per day for 4 days. A laboratory test compares potassium levels while you are on Aldactone and after the medication is stopped. Your doctor may then make a diagnosis.
After the diagnosis of primary hyperaldosteronism is made and confirmed by more tests, the usual dose is 100 to 400 mg per day, prior to surgery. In those who are not good candidates for surgery, this drug is given over the long term at the lowest effective dose.
Aldactone Contraindications :
You should not take Aldactone if you have kidney disease, an inability to urinate, difficulty urinating, or high potassium levels in your blood.
Aldactone Side Effects:
Side effects of Aldactone may include : Abdominal cramps, breast development in males, change in potassium levels (leading to such symptoms as dry mouth, excessive thirst, weak or irregular heartbeat, and muscle pain or cramps), deepening of voice, diarrhea, drowsiness, excessive hairiness, fever, headache, hives, irregular menstruation, kidney problems, lack of coordination, lethargy, liver problems, mental confusion, postmenopausal bleeding, severe allergic reaction, sexual dysfunction, skin eruptions, stomach bleeding, stomach inflammation, ulcers, vomiting
Symptoms of Aldactone overdose may include : Confusion, diarrhea, dizziness, drowsiness, nausea, patchy raised skin rash, vomiting
Aldactone Missed dose:
Take it as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the one you missed and go back to your regular schedule. Never take 2 doses at the same time.
Store Aldactone at room temperature.
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