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Ampicillin Oral : Uses, Dosage, Contraindications, Side Effects, Overdose

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  Information on Tablets A-Z

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z





BRAND NAME :  Ampicillin Oral

Brand Names:

D-Amp; Omnipen; Polycillin; Principen; Totacillin

Medication prescribed:

Ampicillin is a penicillin-like antibiotic used to treat certain infections caused by bacteria such as pneumonia; bronchitis; and ear, lung, skin, and urinary tract infections. Antibiotics will not work for colds, flu, or other viral infections. This medication is sometimes prescribed for other uses; ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.

How should this medicine be used:

Ampicillin comes as a capsule, liquid, and pediatric drop to take by mouth. It is usually taken every 6 hours (four times a day). Follow the directions on your prescription label carefully, and ask your doctor or pharmacist to explain any part you do not understand. Take ampicillin exactly as directed. Do not take more or less of it or take it more often than prescribed by your doctor. Shake the liquid and pediatric drops well before each use to mix the medication evenly. Use the bottle dropper to measure the dose of pediatric drops. The pediatric drops and liquid may be placed on a child's tongue or added to formula, milk, fruit juice, water, ginger ale, or other cold liquid and taken immediately. The capsules should be swallowed whole and taken with a full glass of water. Continue to take ampicillin even if you feel well. Do not stop taking ampicillin without talking to your doctor.

Special precautions:

Before taking ampicillin, tell your doctor and pharmacist if you are allergic to ampicillin, penicillin, or any other drugs. tell your doctor and pharmacist what prescription and nonprescription medications you are taking, especially other antibiotics, allopurinol (Lopurin), anticoagulants ('blood thinners') such as warfarin (Coumadin), atenolol (Tenormin), oral contraceptives, probenecid (Benemid), rifampin, sulfasalazine, and vitamins. tell your doctor if you have or have ever had kidney or liver disease, allergies, asthma, blood disease, colitis, stomach problems, or hay fever. tell your doctor if you are pregnant, plan to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding. If you become pregnant while taking ampicillin, call your doctor. if you are having surgery, including dental surgery, tell the doctor or dentist that you are taking ampicillin.

Special dietary instructions:

Take ampicillin at least 1 hour before or 2 hours after meals.

If I forget a dose:

Take the missed dose as soon as you remember it. However, if it is almost time for the next dose, skip the missed dose and continue your regular dosing schedule. Do not take a double dose to make up for a missed one.

What side effects:

Although side effects from ampicillin are not common, they can occur. Tell your doctor if any of these symptoms are severe or do not go away: upset stomach diarrhea vomiting mild skin rash If you experience any of the following symptoms, call your doctor immediately: severe skin rash itching hives difficulty breathing or swallowing wheezing vaginal infection

What storage conditions:

Keep this medication in the container it came in, tightly closed, and out of reach of children. Store the capsules at room temperature and away from excess heat and moisture (not in the bathroom). Throw away any medication that is outdated or no longer needed. Keep liquid medicine in the refrigerator, tightly closed, and throw away any unused medication after 14 days. Do not freeze. The liquid is good for 7 days at room temperature. Talk to your pharmacist about the proper disposal of your medication.

In case of overdose:

In case of overdose, call your local poison control center. If the victim has collapsed or is not breathing, call local emergency services at 911.

Other information:

Keep all appointments with your doctor and the laboratory. Your doctor will order certain lab tests to check your response to ampicillin. If you are diabetic, use Clinistix or TesTape (not Clinitest) to test your urine for sugar while taking this drug. Do not let anyone else take your medication. Your prescription is probably not refillable. If you still have symptoms of infection after you finish the ampicillin, call your doctor.

More information:    Ampicillin Oral







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