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Gatifloxacin Injection : Uses, Dosage, Contraindications, Side Effects, Overdose

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BRAND NAME :  Gatifloxacin Injection

Brand Names:

Tequin

About your treatment:

Your doctor has ordered gatifloxacin, an antibiotic, to help treat your infection. The drug will be added to an intravenous fluid that will drip through a needle or catheter placed in your vein for at least 60 minutes, once a day. Gatifloxacin is in a class of drugs called quinolone antibiotics. It eliminates bacteria that cause many infections, such as pneumonia and bronchitis; sinus, respiratory tract, and urinary tract infections; and sexually transmitted diseases. This medication is sometimes prescribed for other uses; ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information. Your health care provider (doctor, nurse, or pharmacist) may measure the effectiveness and side effects of your treatment using laboratory tests and physical examinations. It is important to keep all appointments with your doctor and the laboratory. The length of treatment depends on how your infection and symptoms respond to the medication.

Precautions:

Before administering gatifloxacin, tell your doctor and pharmacist if you are allergic to cinoxacin (Cinobac), ciprofloxacin (Cipro), enoxacin (Penetrex), erythromycin (E.E.S., E-mycin, others), levofloxacin (Levaquin), lomefloxacin (Maxaquin), nalidixic acid (NegGram), norfloxacin (Noroxin), ofloxacin (Floxin), sparfloxacin (Zagam), or any other drugs. tell your doctor and pharmacist what prescription and nonprescription medications you are taking, especially other antibiotics; cancer chemotherapy agents; antiarrhythmics [amiodarone (Cordarone), quinidine (Quinidex), bretylium (Bretylate), disopyramide (Norpace), procainamide (Pronestyl), sotalol (Betapace)]; certain tranquilizers, such as chlorpromazine (Thorazine), haloperidol (Haldol), or lithium; cyclosporine (Neoral, Sandimmune); digoxin (Lanoxin); diuretics (''water pills'') [furosemide (Lasix) or hydrochlorothiazide (Diurel)]; phenytoin (Dilantin); probenecid (Benemid); tricyclic antidepressants [amitriptyline (Elavil), amoxapine (Asendin), clomipramine (Anafranil), desipramine (Norpramin), doxepin (Sinequan), imipramine (Tofranil), nortriptyline (Aventyl, Pamelor), protriptyline (Vivactil)]; and herbal products or vitamins. if you are taking antacids (Mylanta, Maalox), didanosine (Videx), ferrous sulfate, or dietary or vitamin supplements containing iron, magnesium, or zinc, you should take them 4 hours after you have taken gatifloxacin. tell your doctor if you have or have ever had heart, kidney, or liver disease; colitis; diabetes; low potassium blood level; seizures; stomach problems; or a history of stroke. tell your doctor if you are pregnant, plan to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding. If you become pregnant while taking gatifloxacin, call your doctor immediately. if you are having surgery, including dental surgery, tell your doctor or dentist that you are taking gatifloxacin. you should know that this drug may cause dizziness, lightheadedness, and tiredness. Do not drive a car or operate machinery until you know how gatifloxacin will affect you. plan to avoid unnecessary or prolonged exposure to sunlight and to wear protective clothing, sunglasses, and sunscreen. Gatifloxacin may make your skin sensitive to sunlight. keep in mind that gatifloxacin may cause increased or decreased blood sugar in patients taking medications for diabetes. Check your blood glucose regularly. If you see a big drop in your blood glucose, stop taking gatifloxacin and call your doctor.

Administering your medication:

Before you administer gatifloxacin, look at the solution closely. It should be clear and free of floating material. Gently squeeze the bag or observe the solution container to make sure there are no leaks. Do not use the solution if it is discolored, if it contains particles, or if the bag or container leaks. Use a new solution, but show the damaged one to your health care provider.It is important that you use your medication exactly as directed. Do not stop your therapy on your own for any reason because your infection could worsen and result in hospitalization. Do not change your dosing schedule without talking to your health care provider. Your health care provider may tell you to stop your infusion if you have a mechanical problem (such as a blockage in the tubing, needle, or catheter); if you have to stop an infusion, call your health care provider immediately so your therapy can continue.

Side effects:

Although side effects from gatifloxacin are not common, they can occur. Tell your health care provider if any of these symptoms are severe or do not go away: upset stomach diarrhea headache dizziness vaginal inflammation If you experience any of the following symptoms, call your health care provider immediately: skin rash itching hives difficulty breathing or swallowing swelling of the face or throat hoarseness heart palpitations or rapid heart rate fainting spells blood in urine pain, inflammation, or rupture of a tendon seizures

Storing your medication:

Your health care provider probably will give you a several-day supply of gatifloxacin at a time. If you are receiving gatifloxacin intravenously (in your vein), you probably will be told to store it in the refrigerator or freezer. If you store it in the refrigerator, take your next dose from the refrigerator 1 hour before using it; place it in a clean, dry area to allow it to warm to room temperature. Do not refreeze medications. If you are told to store additional gatifloxacin in the freezer, always move a 24-hour supply to the refrigerator for the next day's use. Store your medication only as directed. Make sure you understand what you need to store your medication properly. Keep your supplies in a clean, dry place when you are not using them, and keep all medications and supplies out of reach of children. Your health care provider will tell you how to throw away used needles, syringes, tubing, and containers to avoid accidental injury.

In case of overdose:

In case of overdose, call your local poison control center. If the victim has collapsed or is not breathing, call local emergency services at 911.

Signs of infection:

You should be aware of the symptoms of infection in case your infection worsens or a new infection develops. If you notice any of the following symptoms, tell your health care provider as soon as possible: fever unusual tiredness or weakness chills shaking nighttime sweating loss of appetite If you are receiving gatifloxacin in your vein or under your skin, you need to know the symptoms of a catheter-related infection (an infection where the needle enters your vein or skin). If you experience any of these effects near your intravenous catheter, tell your health care provider as soon as possible: tenderness warmth irritation drainage redness swelling pain

More information:    Gatifloxacin Injection








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