Information on Tablets A-Z
Nafarelin is a hormone used to treat symptoms of endometriosis such as pelvic pain, menstrual cramps, and painful intercourse. Nafarelin also is used to treat central precocious puberty (early puberty) in young boys and girls.
This medication is sometimes prescribed for other uses; ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.
How should this medicine be used:
Nafarelin comes as a nasal spray. To use it, first clear your nasal passages by gently blowing your nose. Then insert the sprayer into a nostril. Sniff as you squeeze the sprayer once. To prevent mucus from entering the sprayer, release your grip after you remove the sprayer from your nose. Gently sniff two or three more times.
For treating endometriosis, initially nafarelin is used twice a day: one spray in one nostril in the morning and one spray in the other nostril in the evening. Nafarelin should be started between the second and fourth days of your menstrual period. Nafarelin should not be used for longer than 6 months to treat endometriosis.
For treating precocious puberty, initially nafarelin is used once a day as two sprays in each nostril each morning, for a total of four sprays each morning.
Follow the directions on your prescription label carefully, and ask your doctor or pharmacist to explain any part you do not understand. Nafarelin initially worsens symptoms before improving them. Use nafarelin exactly as directed. Do not use more or less of it or use it more often than prescribed by your doctor. Do not stop using nafarelin without talking to your doctor.
Before using nafarelin,
tell your doctor and pharmacist if you are allergic to nafarelin, gonadotropin-releasing hormones, or any other drugs.
tell your doctor and pharmacist what prescription and nonprescription medications you are taking, especially anticonvulsants to treat seizures or epilepsy, nasal decongestants, steroids, and vitamins.
tell your doctor if you have or have ever had osteoporosis or a family history of osteoporosis; ovarian cysts, ovarian tumors, or ovarian cancer; chronic rhinitis (runny nose); or a history of depression.
tell your doctor if you are pregnant, plan to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding. It is important to use a non-hormonal means of contraception (birth control) while using nafarelin (e.g., condom or diaphragm). If you become pregnant while using nafarelin, call your doctor immediately.
If I forget a dose:
Use the missed dose as soon as you remember it. However, if it is almost time for the next dose, skip the missed dose and continue your regular dosing schedule. Do not use a double dose to make up for a missed one.
If doses are missed, you may experience breakthrough menstrual bleeding. Do not be alarmed, but inform your doctor.
What side effects:
Although side effects from nafarelin are not common, they can occur. Usually these symptoms are temporary, lasting only until your body adjusts to the medication. Tell your doctor if any of these symptoms are severe or do not go away:
vaginal bleeding (menstruation should stop with this medication)
increase in pubic hair
seborrhea (skin irritation)
change in weight
vaginal dryness or vaginal discharge
change in sex drive
rhinitis (runny nose)
If you experience any of the following symptoms, call your doctor immediately:
stomach pain not related to menstruation
shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
What storage conditions:
Keep this medication in the container it came in, tightly closed, and out of reach of children. Store it at room temperature and away from excess heat and moisture (not in the bathroom). Throw away any medication that is outdated or no longer needed. Talk to your pharmacist about the proper disposal of your medication.
In case of overdose:
In case of overdose, call your local poison control center. If the victim has collapsed or is not breathing, call local emergency services at 911.
If you must use a nasal decongestant, wait at least 2 hours after using the nafarelin spray.
Avoid sneezing or blowing your nose during or immediately after using nafarelin. This decreases nafarelin's effectiveness.
Keep all appointments with your doctor and the laboratory.
Do not let anyone else use your medication. Ask your pharmacist any questions you have about refilling your prescription.