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Valsartan : Uses, Dosage, Contraindications, Side Effects, Overdose

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BRAND NAME :  Valsartan

Brand Names:

Diovan®; Diovan® HCT (combination with hydrochlorothiazide)

IMPORTANT WARNING:

Do not take valsartan if you are pregnant. If you become pregnant while taking valsartan, call your doctor immediately. Valsartan may harm the fetus.

Medication prescribed:

Valsartan is used alone or in combination with other medications to treat high blood pressure. It is also used to treat heart failure in people who cannot take angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors. Valsartan is in a class of medications called angiotensin II receptor antagonists. It works by blocking the action of certain chemicals that tighten the blood vessels, so blood flows more smoothly.

How should this medicine be used:

Valsartan comes as a tablet to take by mouth. For the treatment of high blood pressure, it is usually taken once a day with or without food. For the treatment of heart failure, it is usually taken twice a day with or without food.To help you remember to take valsartan, take it around the same time every day. Follow the directions on your prescription label carefully, and ask your doctor or pharmacist to explain any part you do not understand. Take valsartan exactly as directed. Do not take more or less of it or take it more often than prescribed by your doctor. Your doctor may start you on a low dose of valsartan and gradually increase your dose. Valsartan controls high blood pressure and heart failure but does not cure them. Continue to take valsartan even if you feel well. Do not stop taking valsartan without talking to your doctor.

Other uses for this medicine:

This medication may be prescribed for other uses; ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.

Special precautions:

Before taking valsartan, tell your doctor and pharmacist if you are allergic to valsartan or any other medications. tell your doctor and pharmacist what prescription and nonprescription medications, vitamins, nutritional supplements, and herbal products you are taking. Be sure to mention the following: angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors such as benazepril (Lotensin), captopril (Capoten), enalapril (Vasotec), fosinopril (Monopril), lisinopril (Prinivil, Zestril), moexipril (Univasc), perindopril (Aceon), quinapril (Accupril), ramipril (Altace), and trandolapril (Mavik); beta blockers such as atenolol (Tenormin), labetalol (Normodyne), metoprolol (Lopressor, Toprol XL), nadolol (Corgard), and propranolol (Inderal); and diuretics ('water pills'). Your doctor may need to change the doses of your medications or monitor you carefully for side effects. tell your doctor if you have or have ever had kidney or liver disease. tell your doctor if you plan to become pregnant or are breast-feeding.

Special dietary instructions:

If your doctor prescribes a low-salt or low-sodium diet, follow these directions carefully.

If I forget a dose:

Take the missed dose as soon as you remember it. However, if it is almost time for the next dose, skip the missed dose and continue your regular dosing schedule. Do not take a double dose to make up for a missed one.

What side effects:

Valsartan may cause side effects. Tell your doctor if any of these symptoms are severe or do not go away: dizziness headache excessive tiredness diarrhea stomach pain back pain joint pain Some side effects can be serious. The following symptoms are uncommon, but if you experience any of them, call your doctor immediately: swelling of the face, throat, tongue, lips, eyes, hands, feet, ankles, or lower legs hoarseness difficulty breathing or swallowing fainting Valsartan may cause other side effects. Call your doctor if you have any unusual problems while taking this medication.

What storage conditions:

Keep this medication in the container it came in, tightly closed, and out of reach of children. Store it at room temperature and away from excess heat and moisture (not in the bathroom). Throw away any medication that is outdated or no longer needed. Talk to your pharmacist about the proper disposal of your medication.

In case of overdose:

In case of overdose, call your local poison control center. If the victim has collapsed or is not breathing, call local emergency services at 911. Symptoms of overdose may include: dizziness fainting rapid or pounding heartbeat

Other information:

Keep all appointments with your doctor and the laboratory. Your blood pressure should be checked regularly to determine your response to valsartan. Do not let anyone else take your medication. Ask your pharmacist any questions you have about refilling your prescription.

More information:    Valsartan








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